TEACHINGS FROM THE ETERNAL SONG, THE BHAGVAD GITA
THE THREE PRIMAL QUALITIES FROM NATURE THAT BIND THE SOUL IN ATTACHMENT
Lord Krishna is infinitely merciful.
In the Song, He tells His staunch devotee Arjuna about the three powerful qualities derived from Nature(Prakriti) called Guna(s).
These three, both singly or in combination, exert a powerful influence on the immutable element of every man thus binding the Soul to the perishable body.
These three binding qualities are namely Sattva, Rajas and Tamas.
Of these, Sattva is the quality the nature of which is what we call goodness. Good, unselfish deeds lead to accumulation of the clean and spotless Sattva, which however binds the immutable Spirit to the body by one’s attachment to knowledge and happiness.
Rajas is all about overpowering ambition, lust for power and success which leads man to related action. If not in check, it causes a man to be deceitful, cruel and relentless in material pursuits and successes. Rajas quality thus binds one’s Soul by lust for action.
Tamas is about laziness, sleepiness, and indolence. Tamas makes a man deluded, devoid of any goals or active interest in life. This binds one through delusion.
Most people have a combination of these three qualities though one or the other generally has dominance over the person’s nature.
The person whose Sattva guna dominates will have accumulation of good karma and have better future births for enabling further Spiritual growth.
The merciful Lord Krishna says that in order to grow in Spiritual stature and attain His Lotus Feet, one ought to rise above all these gunas-yes-even above the Sattva guna.